Fortitude – Endurance and Aggression
Shoutout to 1907 for letting us try 1907 beerskey.
We discuss what St. Thomas Aquinas says about fortitude.
Here’s what St. Thomas Aquinas says about the 2 acts of fortitude:
Whereas fortitude, as stated above (Article 6), has two acts, namely endurance and aggression, it employs anger, not for the act of endurance, because the reason by itself performs this act, but for the act of aggression, for which it employs anger rather than the other passions, since it belongs to anger to strike at the cause of sorrow, so that it directly cooperates with fortitude in attacking. On the other hand, sorrow by its very nature gives way to the thing that hurts; though accidentally it helps in aggression, either as being the cause of anger, as stated above (I-II:47:3), or as making a person expose himself to danger in order to escape from sorrow. On like manner desire, by its very nature, tends to a pleasurable good, to which it is directly contrary to withstand danger: yet accidentally sometimes it helps one to attack, in so far as one prefers to risk dangers rather than lack pleasure. Hence the Philosopher says (Ethic. iii, 5): “Of all the cases in which fortitude arises from a passion, the most natural is when a man is brave through anger, making his choice and acting for a purpose,” i.e. for a due end; “this is true fortitude.”
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2.) Highlight a man gear – Minutes 12-24.
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DRINK: Beerskey from 1907
GEAR: A Skull
TOPIC: 2 acts of fortitude – Endurance and Aggression
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